One of the main pillars of climate-smart agriculture is crop productivity which has been greatly hindered by effects of climate change. Attempts to increase water availability to crop will not only address this challenge but also increase the resilience of the soil for crop productivity. The concept of Resilience Designs is an integration of several researched approaches aimed at improving soil productivity including; permaculture, conservation agriculture, climate-smart agriculture, bio-intensive planting and agroecology.
Aflatoxin is a poisonous compound produced by a fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. This fungus mainly invades not-well-dried crops as maize, groundnuts, soybean, sorghums, cassava and millet as host for their reproduction. It’s a potent cause of cancer and associated health risks through liver and kidney disease and suppression of immune system in both humans and animals